Hotels in Greece, Cyprus. Greek travel guide
The first person that lived in Greece and in Europe has lived, according to the Palaeolithic discoveries, in Chalkidiki. This at least proves the 600.000 years human skull that was found in the Cavern of Petralona. In the archaic times the beach line of Macedonia was colonised from other Greek cities-states of that age. At the 8th century BC, residents from Eretrja and Chalcis settle and also give their name in the area.
Ancient cities like Olynthos, Toroni and Stagjra (homeland of philosopher Aristotle) got to know big growth and pulled the attention of Persians and Athenians, but finally were conquered by the king of Macedonia Philippos V, father of Alexander the Great. Aristotle, tutor of Alexander the Great, opened the way to European thinking.
In Byzantine times, mountain Athos became the shelter of Orthodoxy and the monasteries of the holy abbeys of Agion Oros were built in all Chalkidiki.
In the means of the 14th century the bigger department of Chalkidiki was under the Slavs, while in 1430 was enslaved by the Turks. Mantemohoria enjoyed special privileges charm in the exploitation of medals. The people of Chalkidiki took part in the revolution of 1821 against the Ottomans and continued their fights against the conquerors with the Macedonian Wars. They were released in 1912 and accepted thousands of refugees after the destruction of Asia Minor in 1922. Since then Chalkidiki constitutes part of the Greek territory and accepts thousands of visitors each time in her hot beaches.
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