Hotels in Greece, Cyprus. Greek travel guide
It is the capital of the Greek north, the lady of Macedonia which, without rejecting at a lot of parts the traditional, the Byzantine and the Roman colour has changed into a modem town, a real ornament of Greece. The county of Thessaloniki has a lot of interests. Mountainous countryside, sandy beaches archaeological monuments, among which very important is the museum with the unique in the world finds of the royal tombs in Vergina and of the other ancient towns of Macedonia . The county is offered for vacations of every economical level. It has luxurious hotels, organized tourist establishments, natural beauties in quiet places, and variety of entertainment in urban or tourist centers, opportunities for sea and mountain sports.
The town of Thessaloniki itself, contemporary, European but with a particularly private colour and charm constitutes the second industrial and trade centre of Hellas ( Greece ). The trade exhibitions, which occur frequently all the year round, the art festivals and the other athletic, cultural and entertaining activities gather even more visitors and add to it a greater tourist interest. However, the wandering in the town with the remnants (market places, neighborhoods, buildings, monuments, sites and nominations) remind you the passing by of other ages, other ideological currents, small communities which acted and developed. Nevertheless, with its own rhythm of life, more human, Thessaloniki gains its visitor. Particularly the variety of entertainment is endless. It starts from the modern disco and the far-fetched horse riding to end up to the authentic "rebetica" taverns and the simple walk at the shore of the White Tower .
It has one of the biggest University towns in the Balkan, a Pedagogical Academy , two conservatories, a state theatre, a state Orchestra. The foundation of the studies of the peninsula of Aemos, the unique in the world foundation of the Paternal Studies and a lot of others which render it very interesting and different from all the others.
It is the second big urban centre of the country and probably the biggest of the south Balkan. It is the industrial, commercial, cultural spiritual and administrative centre of the north Greece , with a minister cabinet, university, highest and higher educational centers.
Built amphitheatrically on the slopes of Kedrinos hill, it is stretched up to the sea. To the west it reaches up to the Gallikos river -an industrial place. To the east up to Sedes, the agriculture School , Panorama, destroyed by the great fire of 1917 it was built according to the needs of the age. However there are still saved several places from the past. Ano Poli is surrounded by the walls of the Castle Yenti Koule, Acropoli, Varna . The new town is developing disproportionately to the east, without a single plan. The site of the university, of the Fair and the park of the white Tower separate it into two. There and up to the old shore there is the mundane and the student centre. Another aspect of Thessaloniki is Vardaris -old buildings, stores, bouzouki centers and small cabarets. Kalamaria at the east is one of the most cosmopolitan locations for those who love to watch the sea while drinking their afternoon coffee. Also Perea, Nei Epivates offer as well the feeling of luxury to the traveler. To the west and above Neapoli, Stavroupoli, Evosmos, Neo Kordelio, Polichni there is the city forest Seih Sou with the zoo is offered for a nice walk. The cultural life of Thessaloniki in relation to Athens is different. Many festivals, international fares, cultural happenings with the direct correspondence of the Thessalonicians give color to this city. Thessaloniki is also nominee for the World's largest fair EXPO for the year 2008. Its modern physiognomy was mainly influenced by the Aristotle's University, the biggest in the country -it has been progressive since its establishment. The theatres, the instructive associations, the cinema clubs, the art halls the newspapers, the magazines constitute some of the features of the spiritual movement of the town. There are proposed thousand industrial, handicrafts, agricultural, farming products from the neighboring Yugoslavia up to China and Japan . It is about the biggest commercial exhibition in the Balkans. Its monuments Interesting are the monuments and the museums of Thessaloniki , the White Tower , the sign of Thessaloniki . It is a circular building, 32 m high, made by the Venetians in 1430. It was part of the seaside fortification of the town and now it has the Exhibition of the history of art of Thessaloniki . The arch of Galerios was built in the 4th century A.D. in honor of the Emperor Galerios. Aghios Georgios (Rotonda), the oldest and maybe the most significant monument of the town. It was built at the beginning of the 3rd century A.D. by the emperor Galerios on the same axis with the arch. Aghios Dimitrios, the biggest church of Greece , a basilica, dedicated to the patron saint of Thessaloniki , was built in 412-413 A.D. Holy Mary Ahiropiitos was built around in 431 A.D. and it is a three part Vasilica. Aghia Sophia built at the beginning of the 8th century A.D. and constitutes a combination of a basilica and of cross type church with a vault. Holy Mary Chalkeon was built in 1044. It is a representative sample of a completed cross typed church Aghia Aekaterini was built at the end of the 13th century. Aghii Apostoli a crosstyped church of the 14th century the monastery Vlatadon.
There, there is the unique in the world ecumenical foundation of the Paternal Studies. Prophet Elias, a church of the 14th century. Aghios David, a church of the 5th century. The walls were made in the years of Theodosios the Great, 379-395. In the NE side of the acropolis there is a small fort, Eptapyrgio, the archaeological museum, the most significant of the north Greece . Since 1978 there have been exhibited the finds from the large grave of Philip II' in the tomb of Vergina. The ethnological and Folklore museum, very significant, the museum of the Macedonian race, the War museum and now the Byzantine Museum (the biggest in Hellas ) complete the picture. Excursions to the nearby areas Thessaloniki has a lot and beautiful suburbs, both mountainous and seaside which are worth visiting. The most important mountainous ones are Panorama, Chortiatis, Asvestohori, the monastery of Aghia Anastasia and the seaside ones are Aretsou, Nea Krini, Perea, Nei Epivates, Aghia Triada, Michaniona and Epanomi, Aretsou: The nearest, in the past, to the town seaside resort which now has been united to it and constitutes one of its "neighbourhoods". It still keeps the old fishing character.
Nea Krini: It is an extention of Aretsou in Karabournaki. In Kalamaria to Aretsou there is the executive mansion which in the past was a palace. Perea - Nei Epivates: Two seaside villages in the Great wedge in a distance of 27 kilometres from Thessaloniki , exactly after Nei Epivates.
Nea Michaniona: A likable resort, 23 kilometres away, at the opposite shore of the Great wedge to Thermaikos bay.
Epanomi: It is the remotest seaside resort since it is 34 kilometres from the town. Even nowadays a lot of people have their vacations there in the summer because it offers good beach, wood of pine trees and camping site.
Panorama: 15 kilometers from the town, it constitutes the aristocratic suburb of Thessaloniki . The view of the town which offers is striking. When the atmosphere is clear you can even see Olympos mountain at the background. It is worth seeing the landscape "Platanakia", a miniature of a valley with clear running water and a lot of plane trees. Six kilometers higher there is Chortiatis which offers a relaxing escape from the town Climb up to the top (1201 m) and admire the view to all directions. The words are unnecessary only the sight you will face talks... Below there are stretched the triple peninsula of Chalkidiki to the SE, Thessaloniki to the W and the Thermaikos bay SW with Ossa and Olympos at the built by the empress Theano. It is on the way to Galatista - Vasilika, around 60 kilometers from Thessaloniki .
Langadas: It is 20 kilometers from Thessaloniki . You will have the opportunity here to see a very old and peculiar religious custom: "Anastenaria". Its roots start from the prehistoric years and it was brought here by the refugees of the east Thrace . The day of Constantine the Great and Aghia Eleni (21 May): This custom is celebrated by a small number of believers, who have been initiated to it. They are "anastenarides" or fire walkers. The strange celebration starts with the sacrifice of an ornated ox. Later the anastenarides, having danced for hours on the monotonous sounds of a drum, begin to dance barefoot on lit coal. Despite the extensive heat and the flames the anastenarides do not get burnt. Every year thousands of visitors come to Langadas and the village Aghia Eleni, near Serres to attend this custom.
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